Frequently Asked Questions
If your questions are not answered here, please contact us at LE Drones. We’re happy to help and assist you with all of your UAS needs.
LE Drones (Law Enforcement Drones) provides commercial, high-tech, superior quality drones and accessories to public safety and government organizations. We also serve qualified employees of those organizations who intend to become FAA certified pilots for drone units within their departments. Public Service organizations along with individual professionals that work within the public safety industry are encouraged to complete our registration process.
We are dedicated to helping public service entities create, launch and scale their drone programs. Our services encompass everything an organization needs to manage hardware and logistics and to guide field personnel toward successful operations. LE Drones is a UAS and FLIR authorized dealer. Our strong manufacturer relationships, top-quality sensors, and software serve one purpose: to help our customers succeed.
Yes. We are a registered federal vendor (DUNS: 081128421 – GAGE: 8D5P4) conducting business with federal, state, county and local government entities. You can find us on Sam.gov web portal. We process purchase orders, request for quotes (RFQs), engage in competitive bidding and offer convenient payment terms to qualified agencies. LE Drones offers the latest generation drones and can help you obtain the correct equipment for your organization’s missions. Submit your questions here.
Yes. We do accept State and Local Government TAX EXEMPTION CERTIFICATES.
UAS stands for Unmanned Aircraft System. It refers to a system that consists of an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), commonly referred to as a drone, and all of the components that support it, including the remote control system, communication links, sensors, payloads, and other equipment.
UAS technology has revolutionized the aerospace industry and has found widespread applications in areas such as military and security operations, search and rescue, scientific research, wildlife monitoring, agriculture, real estate, and more. The increasing popularity of UAS has also led to the development of regulations to ensure their safe and responsible use, as well as the growth of the counter-drone technology industry to address the threat posed by malicious drones.
Read this article from our blog at the following link
Blue sUAS (Small Unmanned Aircraft System) is a term that refers to a specific type of drone or unmanned aircraft that is designed for commercial or industrial use. The original Blue sUAS program was created in August 2020 as a way to provide secure, trusted, drone capability to the U.S. government. In short, the DoD has developed criteria that drones must meet for U.S. government procurement, and the broader Department of Defense (DoD) and Federal Government partners are only supposed to use those approved drones. sUAS drones are generally larger and more sophisticated than consumer drones, and are equipped with advanced features such as GPS, cameras, and sensors. They are also typically more expensive than consumer drones.
Blue sUAS drones are used in a wide range of industries, such as agriculture, construction, energy, and surveying, among others. They are often used to collect data, such as aerial images and topographic information, that can be used to improve efficiency and decision-making. They are also used to inspect hard-to-reach areas, such as pipelines, bridges, and power lines, as well as for search and rescue, and emergency response.
Blue sUAS drones are subject to different regulations than consumer drones, as they are operated under a different category of regulations, which are typically more strict. They are usually operated by certified pilots who have undergone special training and are certified by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) in the United States.
Overall, Blue sUAS drones are a powerful tool that can help businesses and organizations to improve efficiency and make better decisions by providing them with a new perspective of the world and allowing them to access hard-to-reach areas, while also complying with regulations.
On the LE Drones website, go to the product(s) you are interested in, then click on “Add to Quote” button, complete the required contact information and submit. You can also complete our contact form and request a quote.
Contact Sales@LEDrones.org with your pricing inquiry or question(s).
Counter drone technology refers to a set of tools, systems, and techniques used to detect, track, and neutralize drones that pose a threat to individuals, organizations, or critical infrastructure. These technologies can be used to prevent malicious drones from entering restricted airspace, to interrupt their control signals, to disable or seize their payloads, or to physically bring them down.
Counter drone technology can include a range of different tools and techniques, including radar systems for detecting and tracking drones, radio frequency jamming devices that can disrupt drone signals, GPS spoofing systems that can manipulate drone navigation, physical drone interceptors and nets, and laser-based systems that can target drones and disrupt their operation. The development of counter drone technology is driven by the increasing use of drones for malicious purposes such as illegal surveillance, smuggling, and terror attacks, and the need to protect critical infrastructure and key assets from these threats.
Last year (2021) saw significant advancements in counter drone technology as the use of drones for malicious purposes such as illegal surveillance, smuggling, and terror attacks continues to rise. Some of the key developments in the field include:
- AI-powered drone detection and tracking systems: These systems use machine learning algorithms to detect and track drones in real-time, providing greater accuracy and speed in identifying potential threats.
- Advanced jamming and GPS spoofing technology: Counter-drone systems are now equipped with more powerful jamming technology that can disrupt drone signals and force them to land, as well as GPS spoofing technology that can manipulate a drone’s navigation and cause it to fly off course.
- Increased deployment of counter-drone systems by military and law enforcement: Governments and law enforcement agencies around the world have begun deploying counter-drone systems to protect critical infrastructure and key assets from drone-based threats.
As for what’s to come in 2023, we can expect to see further advancements in AI and machine learning-powered counter-drone technology, as well as the development of more integrated, multi-layer counter-drone systems that combine multiple technologies for a more comprehensive defense. There may also be a rise in the use of laser-based counter-drone systems, which offer a highly targeted, non-kinetic approach to disrupting drone threats.
Please feel free to contact us to discuss if counter drone technology is right for you.
The DJI Qualified Entities Program (QEP) is a program established by DJI, a technology company that specializes in manufacturing drones and aerial imaging equipment. The program is designed for organizations that use DJI drones for professional or public safety applications.
The Qualified Entities Program provides advanced features, and technical support for the DJI drones. It also offers a set of benefits to its members, such as access to specialized software, training, and technical support. Additionally, members of the program are given priority in terms of product repair and replacement.
The program is intended for organizations such as:
- Public safety agencies (law enforcement, fire, and emergency services)
- Government agencies
- Industry-specific organizations (i.e., construction, agriculture, energy)
- Academic institutions
To be eligible to join the program, organizations must demonstrate that they have the necessary resources and expertise to safely operate DJI drones, and that they are using the drones for professional or public safety applications.
By joining the QEP, organizations can take advantage of DJI’s powerful technology and be ensured that they are compliant with regulations, as well as being able to access specialized software and services, and technical support that can help them to improve their operations, save time, and money.
Where Is QEP available? Who can apply?
QEP is currently available in the United States, Canada, and Europe. If you’re located elsewhere, you can still able to obtain a long-term unlocking certificate for your DJI drone by submitting an application as a government entity through the Fly Safe portal. This step-by-step guide explains how you can operate in a no-fly zone (NFZ).
Government and public safety entities, such as fire services, SAR, coast guard, civil defense, law enforcement, border control, etc., can apply for the program.
After submitting the necessary documentation, you’d be able to download an unlocking certificate onto the drone linked to your DJI account. Once this certificate is enabled, your drone would takeoff seamlessly, regardless of geofencing restrictions within the country of application.
If you are law enforcement, a fire department, a rescue organization or a professional that performs duties and works within UAS industry, you are encouraged to complete our registration process. Once your registration is approved, you will have access to all account purchases and transactions online via the web portal.
On the LE Drones website, go to the product you are interested in, then click on “Add to Quote” button, complete the required contact information and submit. You can also complete our contact form and request a quote.
Contact Sales@LEDrones.org with your pricing inquiry or question(s).
DJI Care Enterprise is a service plan offered by DJI, a technology company that specializes in manufacturing drones and aerial imaging equipment. The service plan provides coverage and support for DJI drones used in professional and commercial settings, such as public safety, industrial inspections, and surveying.
DJI Care Enterprise includes coverage for accidental damage, such as crash or water damage, as well as priority repair services, which means that the drones will be repaired and returned as quickly as possible. It also includes access to technical support, including remote troubleshooting, and free software updates.
DJI Care Enterprise is intended for organizations that rely on DJI drones for their operations, such as public safety agencies, emergency services, construction companies, and other professional services. By purchasing DJI Care Enterprise, these organizations can ensure that their drones are protected, and can continue their operations even in the event of an accident or malfunction.
DJI Care Enterprise Protection is now included on the M300, M200 v2 series, Phantom 4 RTK, and the Mavic 2 Enterprise and Dual.
With the purchase of a DJI Enterprise UAS, you will have the peace of mind knowing your drone can be replaced for a small fixed fee. If the drone is damaged by a collision, signal interference, user error, water, or drop damage, DJI has you covered. Enterprise Shield is included with your purchase and is good for 12 months, you can take advantage of this service 2 times. Below we will show you the cost for the replacement and the procedure for registering for enterprise shield.
Follow the below procedure to get your Enterprise Shield Activated.
- Once you have un-boxed and charged up a battery, power up the drone, connect your viewing device and open the DJI Pilot app to connect to the drone.
- You should receive a message that prompts you to activate your drone.
- Once activated, visit https://support.dji.com/care/active to begin this 3 step process
- Step 1- Enter your DJI Shield Activation Code
Step 2 – Enter your aircraft’s serial #
Step 3 – Enter your personal information
If you need helping finding your aircraft serial number, shield activation code, or have other related questions contact LE Drones
DJI Care Refresh is a service offered by DJI, a manufacturer of drones and other unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), that provides customers with additional protection for their drone. It includes accidental damage coverage, allowing customers to make up to two replacements during the coverage period at a discounted price. This service can be purchased when you buy a DJI drone or within a certain period after the purchase.
To unlock a geo zone, you will need to take the following steps:
- Access the DJI Go App or DJI Pilot App on your mobile device or computer.
- Connect your drone to the app using the controller or Wi-Fi.
- In the app, navigate to the “Geo Zone” tab. This is usually located in the “Settings” or “Advanced” menu.
- Locate the geo zone that you wish to unlock and select it.
- Depending on the type of geo zone, you may need to provide specific information such as flight plan, flight purpose, and a valid pilot certificate.
- Once the information is provided and validated, the geo zone will be unlocked, and you will be able to fly your drone in that area.
Please note that different regions, countries, or states may have different rules and regulations regarding geo-fencing and unlocking. It’s important to check and comply with the local laws and regulations before unlocking any geo-zone.
Some DJI drones come with a built-in geofencing system that automatically restricts flight in certain areas, such as near airports or other sensitive locations. To unlock these areas, you will need to apply for authorization through DJI’s Aeroscope system or other similar system, which may require additional information and documentation.
For a government entity to fly a drone legally, they must comply with the regulations set forth by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) in the United States.
- First, the government entity must obtain a Remote Pilot Certificate from the FAA, which requires passing an aeronautical knowledge test and completing a background check.
- The government entity must also register their drone with the FAA, which requires paying a small fee and providing information about the drone and its operator.
- The government entity must also comply with the FAA’s flight rules and regulations, which include requirements such as flying below 400 feet, flying during daylight hours, and maintaining a visual line of sight with the drone at all times.
- The government entity must also comply with any additional regulations or restrictions that may be in place in the area where they are flying. For example, flying near airports or other sensitive locations may require additional authorization or permission.
- Furthermore, government entities should also comply with state laws, regulations and policies if they apply.
It is important to note that while the FAA is responsible for regulating the airspace, other government agencies may have regulatory authority over the use of drones for certain missions, such as the Department of Interior for firefighting operations, the National Park Service for wildlife management, and the Department of Homeland Security for border protection.
In addition, it is important for government entities to take into account privacy concerns and laws as well, as the use of drones can raise privacy issues. They should have a clear policy and procedures in place for data collection, storage, and dissemination.
Yes, a government entity can obtain a waiver or authorization from the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) in the United States, in order to fly a drone in certain restricted airspace or to conduct certain types of operations that would otherwise be prohibited.
- Waivers: Government entities can apply for a waiver from certain FAA regulations, such as flying at night or flying beyond visual line of sight, if they can demonstrate that their proposed operation can be conducted safely.
- Authorizations: Government entities can also apply for an authorization, such as a Special Airworthiness Certificate – Experimental Category (SAC-EC) or a Certificate of Waiver or Authorization (COA), which would allow them to conduct specific types of operations, such as flying over people or flying in certain restricted airspace.
- Permissions: Government entities can also apply for permission to fly in certain airspace that is not controlled by the FAA, such as airspace controlled by the Department of Defense (DoD) or the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).
It’s worth mentioning that the process of obtaining a waiver or authorization can be complex and time-consuming, and it may require the submission of detailed information and documentation, as well as a demonstration of the safety of the proposed operation.
It’s also important for government entities to contact the local airport or the FAA’s Air Traffic Control (ATC) facility in the area where they plan to fly for specific airspace restrictions, as well as for any Temporary Flight Restrictions (TFRs) in effect before each flight.
A Certificate of Waiver or Authorization (COA) is a document issued by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) that authorizes a government entity to conduct specific types of drone operations that would otherwise be prohibited by FAA regulations.
Advantages of obtaining a public COA:
- Allows operation in restricted airspace: A public COA allows a government entity to fly in airspace that is otherwise restricted, such as near airports or other sensitive locations.
- Increased operational flexibility: A public COA allows a government entity to conduct operations that would otherwise be prohibited, such as flying at night or beyond visual line of sight.
- Safety: A public COA allows a government entity to conduct operations in a safe manner, as the FAA has reviewed and approved the proposed operation.
- Legal compliance: Obtaining a public COA ensures that the government entity is operating in compliance with FAA regulations and laws.
Disadvantages of obtaining a public COA:
- Complex and time-consuming process: The process of obtaining a public COA can be complex and time-consuming, requiring the submission of detailed information and documentation, as well as a demonstration of the safety of the proposed operation.
- Cost: The process of obtaining a public COA can be costly, as it may require the hiring of legal counsel or other experts to assist with the application process.
- Limited duration: Public COAs are typically issued for a limited duration, usually a year or less, requiring government entities to reapply for a new COA after it expires.
- Limited scope: Public COAs are specific to a particular operation and may not cover all the operations that the government entity may want to conduct.
- Limited to certain geographic areas: Public COA’s may be limited to certain geographic areas and may not be valid in other areas, so a government entity may need to apply for different COA’s for different regions.
It’s important to note that obtaining a public COA does not relieve the government entity of its responsibility to comply with other laws, regulations, and policies, such as privacy laws and regulations, and state laws and regulations.
The big advantage is you have the ability to determine your own pilot training, aircraft, and maintenance standards. However, many public entities choose to fly under Part 107 because it is easier to just do that than try and figure out standards for training, aircraft, and maintenance. Another disadvantage that many don’t talk about is that public aircraft operations under a public COA can only be for certain statutorily listed operations. This creates some headaches because you need to make sure your operations are always within one of the statutorily listed operations and not in some “grey area.” This is another reason why public entities choose to get public COAs and also choose at times to fly under Part 107.
There are many different tools available in the Public Safety and Law Enforcement Toolkit.
FLIR stands for Forward-Looking Infrared. It is a type of sensor that detects infrared radiation, which is a type of electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength longer than that of visible light but shorter than that of microwaves. FLIR sensors are used to detect and measure temperature differences and are able to “see” objects and their temperature even in complete darkness or through smoke, dust, and other obscurants.
FLIR technology is widely used in a variety of applications such as thermal imaging cameras, night vision equipment, thermal binoculars, thermal imaging scopes, and thermal imaging cameras for drones. They can be used for a wide range of applications such as search and rescue, firefighting, surveillance, industrial inspections, and many more. FLIR technology can help to identify people, animals, and objects at long distances, through walls, and in adverse weather conditions.
It’s worth mentioning that FLIR is also the name of a company, FLIR Systems, which is a leading manufacturer of thermal imaging cameras and other sensor systems. The company designs, manufactures and markets thermal imaging cameras, components, and imaging sensors, and provides thermal imaging systems for a wide range of industries, including public safety, industrial, commercial, and military.
FLIR and thermal are closely related terms, but they refer to slightly different things.
FLIR stands for Forward-Looking Infrared, which is a type of sensor that detects infrared radiation and is used to create thermal images. A FLIR sensor detects the infrared energy emitted by objects and converts it into an electrical signal, which can then be processed to create a thermal image.
Thermal, on the other hand, refers to the use of infrared radiation to detect and measure temperature differences. Thermal imaging cameras, such as those equipped with FLIR sensors, detect and measure temperature differences, and can “see” objects and their temperature even in complete darkness or through smoke, dust, and other obscurants.
In summary, FLIR is a specific type of sensor that detects infrared radiation and is used in thermal imaging cameras, while thermal refers to the use of infrared radiation to detect and measure temperature differences, which is the main functionality of FLIR sensors, as well as other thermal imaging cameras.
Active IR and thermal imaging are two different technologies that are used to detect and measure temperature differences. Both are based on the use of infrared radiation, but they work in different ways:
Active IR: Active IR technology uses a light source, such as a laser or an LED, to illuminate the object being imaged. The infrared energy reflected from the object is then detected by the sensor and used to create an image. Active IR is often used in short-range applications, such as industrial inspections or obstacle detection.
Thermal imaging: Thermal imaging technology uses passive infrared detection, which means it does not require an external light source. The sensor detects the infrared radiation naturally emitted by objects and converts it into an electrical signal, which can then be processed to create a thermal image. Thermal imaging cameras can detect temperature differences from a distance and are often used in long-range applications, such as search and rescue, firefighting, surveillance, and many more.
Active IR is useful in a variety of applications such as night vision, obstacle avoidance and navigation, while thermal imaging can be used in a wide range of applications such as search and rescue, surveillance, firefighting, industrial inspections, and many more.
Overall, the main difference between active IR and thermal imaging is the way they work: Active IR uses an external light source to illuminate the object, while thermal imaging uses the infrared radiation naturally emitted by objects to create images.
A thermal camera is a type of sensor that can detect infrared radiation, which is emitted by all objects above absolute zero (-273 °C) temperature and can be used to create thermal images. When mounted on a drone, a thermal camera can be used for a variety of applications, such as:
- Search and Rescue: Thermal cameras can detect people, animals, and other heat sources, even in complete darkness or through smoke, dust, and other obscurants, making them useful for search and rescue operations in remote or hard-to-reach areas.
- Firefighting: Thermal cameras can be used to detect hot spots and monitor the progression of a fire, helping firefighters to take appropriate measures to contain and extinguish it.
- Surveillance: Thermal cameras can detect people and vehicles from a distance, even in total darkness, making them useful for surveillance and security operations, such as border protection and critical infrastructure monitoring.
- Industrial Inspections: Thermal cameras can be used to detect temperature variations in industrial equipment, such as pipelines, power lines, and wind turbines, and can help to identify potential issues before they become critical.
- Agriculture: Thermal cameras can be used to detect temperature variations in crops, which can indicate the presence of pests, disease, or water stress, helping farmers to take appropriate measures to protect their crops.
- Inspection of solar panels: Thermal cameras can detect hotspots and temperature variations in solar panels, helping to identify defects and maintenance issues.
- Environmental monitoring: Thermal cameras can be used to detect temperature variations in bodies of water, such as rivers, lakes, and oceans, which can indicate the presence of pollution or other environmental issues.
- Surveying and mapping: Thermal cameras can be used to create thermal maps and 3D models, which can be used for a variety of applications, such as urban planning, infrastructure monitoring, and disaster response.
The above are some examples of the many ways thermal cameras can be used when mounted on a drone, the capabilities and applications will depend on the specific drone, the camera and the operator’s expertise.
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To be a pilot of a drone, commonly known as Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) or Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS), in the United States, one must meet the requirements set forth by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). These requirements include obtaining a Remote Pilot Certificate and adhering to specific rules and regulations.
- Remote Pilot Certificate: To operate a drone for commercial purposes, an individual must obtain a Remote Pilot Certificate from the FAA. This requires passing an aeronautical knowledge test and completing a background check. The test covers areas such as FAA regulations, weather, navigation, and airport operations.
- Age requirement: The individual must be at least 16 years old to qualify for a Remote Pilot Certificate.
- Medical requirement: The individual must be in good physical and mental health and is not required to hold a medical certificate.
- Recurrent training: Remote pilots must complete recurrent training every 24 calendar months, which includes a knowledge test and a review of the FAA’s regulations and guidance.
- Compliance with FAA’s regulations: Remote pilots must comply with FAA’s regulations and guidance, including flying below 400 feet, flying during daylight hours, maintaining a visual line of sight, and not flying in restricted airspace.
It’s important to note that the rules and regulations for operating drones vary by country and region, and that these regulations are subject to change. It’s important for pilots to stay informed of the latest rules and regulations in their area.
It’s also worth mentioning that even though a remote pilot certificate is required for commercial operations, the FAA does not issue or recognize pilot licenses or ratings for UAS operations, so the certificate is the main requirement to operate a drone commercially
You can go over to the FAA’s Part 107 Small Unmanned Aircraft Systems (small UAS) Initial online training course here
And to read the full list of Part 107 guidelines concerning the requirements to be a pilot, obtain FAA certification and licensing Click here
Drones can be useful for fire service in a number of ways, including:
- Aerial surveillance: Drones can be used to survey large areas quickly and efficiently, providing firefighters with a bird’s-eye view of a fire and helping them to identify hotspots and plan their strategy.
- Thermal imaging: Many drones are equipped with thermal imaging cameras, which can detect heat signatures and help firefighters locate people trapped in burning buildings, as well as identify areas of a fire that are still burning.
- Delivery of supplies: Drones can be used to quickly deliver supplies such as water, medical equipment, and communication devices to firefighters in remote or hard-to-reach areas.
- Search and rescue: Drones can be used to search for missing people in large, open areas, such as forests or mountains.
- Mapping: Drones can be used to create detailed maps of an area, which can be useful for planning firefighting strategy and evacuation routes.
It’s important to note that not all drones are suitable for fire service, and that the best drone for a given situation will depend on the specific requirements of the task at hand.
There are many different types of drones available for use by law enforcement agencies, each with their own unique capabilities and features. Some common types of drones used by law enforcement include:
- Fixed-wing drones: These drones have wings like a traditional aircraft and are capable of flying for long distances and durations. They are often used for surveillance, search and rescue, and border patrol operations.
- Multi-rotor drones: These drones have several rotors and are capable of hovering in place, making them well-suited for aerial photography and video, as well as search and rescue operations.
- Tactical drones: These drones are designed for use in high-risk or hazardous environments, such as hostage situations or active shooter incidents. They are often equipped with cameras, loudspeakers, and other specialized equipment.
- Micro drones: These drones are small and can be used for covert operations, such as surveillance and reconnaissance, as well as in confined spaces, such as buildings and caves.
- Vertical Take-Off and Landing (VTOL) drones: These drones are capable of both vertical take-off and landing, and horizontal flight, which makes them versatile for various operations, such as search and rescue, surveillance, and reconnaissance.
- Hybrid drones: These drones can fly both as a fixed-wing drone and as a multi-rotor drone, they are capable of longer flight times, and faster speeds and are useful for reconnaissance and search and rescue operations.
All these types of drones have different capabilities, and the best type of drone for a given operation will depend on the specific needs of the law enforcement agency and the environment in which they will be operating.
There are several resources available for those looking to develop a UAS (Unmanned Aircraft Systems) policy and procedure guidelines for their agency. Some good places to start include:
- The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA): The FAA provides a wealth of information on UAS regulations and guidelines, including information on how to register a drone, how to obtain waivers and authorizations, and how to operate a drone safely.
- The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA): The NFPA has developed guidelines for the use of UAS in the fire service, which can be a valuable resource for fire departments looking to develop their own policies and procedures.
- Professional organizations: Organizations such as the International Association of Fire Chiefs (IAFC) and the National Association of State Fire Marshals (NASFM) also offer guidance and resources on the use of UAS in the fire service.
- Other government agencies: Such as National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) have developed guidelines for the use of UAS in the public sector, which can be adapted to specific agency needs.
- The Commercial Drone Alliance: The Commercial Drone Alliance is a trade association that represents the interests of UAS manufacturers, service providers, and operators. They have a list of best practice and guidelines.
When developing a UAS policy and procedure guidelines, it’s important to consider the specific needs and requirements of your agency, as well as any relevant laws and regulations. It’s also important to involve stakeholders such as pilots, department heads, and legal counsel in the development process.
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IP stands for “Ingress Protection” and it’s a rating system used to define the level of protection provided by an enclosure against the intrusion of solid objects (including body parts like hands and fingers), dust, accidental contact, and water in electrical enclosures. The rating is defined by the letters “IP” followed by two digits, for example “IP67”.
The first digit represents the level of protection against solid objects and ranges from 0 to 6. The second digit represents the level of protection against liquids, and ranges from 0 to 8.
Here is a breakdown of the digits:
- The first digit (0 to 6) rates the protection against solid objects: 0: no protection 1: protection against solid objects larger than 50mm 2: protection against solid objects larger than 12mm 3: protection against solid objects larger than 2.5mm 4: protection against solid objects larger than 1mm 5: dust protected (limited ingress) 6: dust tight (no ingress)
- The second digit (0 to 8) rates the protection against liquids: 0: no protection 1: protection against vertically dripping water 2: protection against direct sprays up to 15 degrees from the vertical 3: protection against direct sprays up to 60 degrees from the vertical 4: protection against splashing water from any direction 5: protection against water jets 6: protection against powerful water jets and waves 7: protection against temporary immersion 8: protection against continuous immersion
For example, an IP67 rating means that the enclosure is dust tight and can withstand immersion in water up to 1 meter for 30 minutes.
IP rating stands for “Ingress Protection” rating. It is an international standard that defines a system for classifying the level of protection provided by an electrical enclosure against the intrusion of solid objects (including body parts like hands and fingers), dust, accidental contact, and water. It is commonly used to rate the level of protection of consumer electronics, industrial equipment, and enclosures for electrical components.
The rating is defined by the letters “IP” followed by two digits, for example “IP67”. The first digit indicates the level of protection against solid objects and ranges from 0-6, the second digit indicates the level of protection against liquids and ranges from 0-8. The higher the number, the greater the level of protection provided by the enclosure.
For example, an IP67 rating means that the enclosure is dust tight and can withstand immersion in water up to 1 meter for 30 minutes.
It’s important to note that the IP rating only measures the protection level of the equipment enclosure and not the equipment inside of it. It’s also important to note that the IP rating is determined by testing and certification, not by self-declaration.
An IP65 rating means that the enclosure provides complete protection against dust, and protection against water projected by a nozzle (6.3mm) against enclosure from any direction. It means that the enclosure is protected against low-pressure water jets from any direction, with limited ingress permitted.
IP65 rated enclosures should provide adequate protection against rain and splashing water, but they are not designed to withstand prolonged immersion in water. However, it is important to note that the testing for an IP rating is done under laboratory conditions, and actual conditions in the field may vary. Factors such as wind, heavy rain, or high-pressure water jets could potentially compromise the enclosure, even if it is rated IP65.
It’s also important to note that the IP rating only measures the protection level of the equipment enclosure and not the equipment inside of it. It’s important to check the rating of the equipment inside of the enclosure as well as the enclosure itself.
In general, IP65 rated enclosures are suitable for most outdoor applications, but if equipment is exposed to extreme weather conditions, such as heavy rain, or high-pressure water jets, it is recommended to use IP66 or higher rated enclosures.